WHAT are digraphs and trigraphs?

 Phonics, Phonemic Awareness, Decoding and Encoding, Blending and Segmenting, Fluency




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What are digraphs and trigraphs?

Graphemes can be made up of more than one letter. A digraph is a two-letter grapheme. This means a digraph is a combination of two letters representing one sound. A trigraph is a 3-letter grapheme. This means a trigraph is a combination of three letters representing one sound. The word ‘hop’ has 3 graphemes or letters ‘h-o-p’. The word ‘shop’ also has 3 graphemes. More specifically, it has 2 graphemes and a digraph. 

What's an example of a grapheme versus a digraph?

"shop" has 3 graphemes: sh-o-p

the letters "sh" form a digraph 

the letters "o" and "p" are graphemes

Graphemes EXAMPLE

illustrated dog

the letter "t" is a grapheme 

"tap" has 3 graphemes: t-a-p

"trap" has 4 graphemes: t-r-a-p

Digraph and trigraph examples

/t/ phoneme from the "tt" grapheme, as in "pretty"

/t/ phoneme from the "bt" digraph, as in "doubt"

/t/ phoneme from the "ed" digraph, as in "trapped"

/t/ phoneme from the "ght" trigraph, as in "light"

digraphs and trigraphs charts

digraphs and trigraphs chart

phonemes and graphemes chart

phonemes and graphemes chart

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The Bitmoji Classroom is here to stay. Classroom materials need to be more visual and exciting. Post these examples on your Bitmoji Classroom Bulletin Board or Whiteboard.

They're perfect for sharing to Google Classroom. Or save them to Google Drive and build a handy phonics folder.

On Seesaw:

Use an app like Seesaw’s record function to read examples aloud, and its QR code function with our downloadable phonics sound chart. Perfect for parents and students who need correct pronunciation. 

Bitmoji Classroom Template

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Read our report on the Science of Reading (coming soon!). Research-based reading instruction must incorporate the 5 pillars of reading: phonics, phonemic awareness, fluency, vocabulary and comprehension. This report provides an easy to understand overview on phonics and phonemic awareness, why it’s important and how it’s used in the classroom.

Share it with colleagues, friends, and to Google Classroom!

New reading app coming soon!


Download our free sample worksheets

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