Blending and segmenting beyond CVC words
CVC words (Consonant-Vowel-Consonant) are the first words that children learn to segment and blend. After CVC words, phonics instruction moves on to slightly more complicated patterns such as CVCC words and CCVC words. CVCC words such as jump, gulp, and lift follow the pattern of consonant-vowel-consonant-consonant. CCVC words such as trip, spin, and clap follow the pattern of consonant-consonant-vowel-consonant. As children gradually master phoneme-grapheme correspondences and the processes of blending and segmenting, they are able to decode increasingly complex words. They initially focus on words with one syllable and gradually turn to longer words.
Jump, gulp, lift, lamp, desk and park are CVCC words.
Trip, spin, clap, flip, grab and stop are CCVC words.
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Learning the alphabet is the first step on every child’s reading journey. Research shows that children with prior knowledge of the alphabet learn to read more easily and more fluently, so it’s vitally important that the alphabet is taught in a playful and engaging way.
When learning their ABCs, children have to understand that each letter has a different shape and name, and that letters combine to form words. By making it clear that the letter A is not just for apple but also for avocado, children learn that A makes a constant sound across different words. Learning the most common sound that each letter makes is an essential, foundational skill that will be built on later when children encounter phonics.
Read our report, A Deep Dive Into Phonics, for more!