ABC Activities

frequently confused letters

ABC, Alphabet letters, Early reading, ELA K-2, ELA 1st Grade, ELA Kindergarten

ABC Activities


confused illustrated character


Some letters look alike. Some children struggle to recognize the difference between alike letters. When reading and writing, children need to be able to tell these apart.

Download our Confusing letters: b and d, Confusing letters: p and q, and Confusing letters: Letter painting activities below.

The Confusing letters: b and d and Confusing letters: p and q activities introduce children to frequently confused letters. Can you tell b from d? Can you tell p from q? These activities have also been designed for handwriting practice.

The Confusing letters: Letter painting activity asks children to identify the difference between b, d, p, q, and g. It can be easy to mix up these letters because they all have circles and sticks that go in different directions. Spot the difference between these letters and paint them accordingly.

Common Core Alignment:

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.1.D Recognize and name all upper- and lowercase letters of the alphabet.


illustrated bed with letters b and d as frame

Children frequently confuse b and d or p and q.


confusing letters activity

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Deep dive

Learning the alphabet is the first step on every child’s reading journey. Research shows that children with prior knowledge of the alphabet learn to read more easily and more fluently, so it’s vitally important that the alphabet is taught in a playful and engaging way.  

When learning their ABCs, children have to understand that each letter has a different shape and name, and that letters combine to form words. By making it clear that the letter A is not just for apple but also for avocado, children learn that A makes a constant sound across different words. Learning the most common sound that each letter makes is an essential, foundational skill that will be built on later when children encounter phonics.

Read our report, A Deep Dive Into Phonics, for more!

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