Research

How many phonemes are there?

CCSS ELA Literacy K-2, Foolproof Phonics App, ELA K-2, ELA Kindergarten, ELA 1st Grade, ELA 2nd Grade

Research

US

illustrated character brushing his fur

There are 44* phonemes in the English language, that is, there are 44 different sounds that make up all English words.

Many phonemes have more than one grapheme, that is, they can be written using different spellings, for example, f, ff, and ph are all graphemes for the phoneme /f/.

The sound chart below shows the phonemes that children are taught in Reception (UK) or Kindergarten (US) and Year 1 (UK) and Grade 1 (US).  It also shows the most common graphemes that correspond to each phoneme and gives word examples for each.

For example, the word cup has 3 phonemes: /k/, /u/, and /p/. Each is represented by a simple grapheme or letter: c, u, p.


*this number can vary slightly depending on the dialect and the classification followed.

Activity

Phonemes chart

Sample Pack

Phonics sample pack

google classroom, seesaw, and more

We’re making it easy to find, integrate, and share character-rich, curriculum-aligned resources for Kindergarten to Grade 2. It’s time to streamline virtual learning and make it fun.

Here’s our quick-start guide to using Mrs Wordsmith’s resources with Google ClassroomSeesawZoom, and Microsoft Teams.

Bitmoji Classroom of Dreams

Deep Dive

Phonics is the method that helps children build systematic connections between letters and sounds. Phonics has a better impact on children’s reading ability than any other type of reading program. It has also been shown to improve spelling, particularly among Kindergarteners and First Graders.

To find out more, read our Deep Dive into Phonics report. This report provides an easy-to-understand overview of phonics and phonemic awareness - why they are important and how they are taught in the classroom - and explains all the relevant terminology. It's perfect for sharing with colleagues, friends, and to Google Classroom!

google__partner

Get our new “Reading Comprehension Vocabulary” Printable worksheet now

Buy Now
rcv-us
fpr_blog_img

Download our Parent & Educator Guide

Free Download